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International Sites:


ARVO is the largest and most respected eye and vision research organization in the world. Our members include nearly 12,000 researchers from over 75 countries. 

RI-retina international 

This website has been designed to deliver the latest information on retinal research & development from around the world in an easy to use format. Enjoy your visit!

Ret Net:

the Retinal Information Network, is a service of the Laboratory for the Molecular Diagnosis of Inherited Eye Diseases


Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man®

An Online Catalog of Human Genes and Genetic Disorders


The National Center for Biotechnology Information advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information.

The GeneTests website

GeneTests has grown to reflect the advances in genetic testing capabilities and to address the needs of our ever widening user community. We invite you to explore, try some of your favorite searches, and let us know what you think. Your feedback will help shape GeneTests into the indispensable tool you want for your practice. 

the Institut de la Vision!

The Institut de la Vision is one of the most important research centers in Europe on eye diseases. It brings together in a single building researchers, clinicians and industrial partners in order to discover, test and develop treatments and technological innovations for the benefit of visually impaired patients.

The Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD):

The Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center is a program of the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) and funded by two parts of the National Institutes of Health (NIH): NCATS and the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI). GARD provides the public with access to current, reliable, and easy to understand information about rare or genetic diseases in English or Spanish.

The Foundation Fighting Blindness (FFB) was established in 1971 by a passionate group of families driven to find treatments and cures for inherited retinal diseases that were affecting their loved ones. At that time, little was known about these blinding retinal degenerative diseases. Very little research was being done, and there were no clinical trials for potential treatments.

 National Organization for Rare Disorders:

NORD, a 501(c)(3) organization, is a patient advocacy organization dedicated to individuals with rare diseases and the organizations that serve them.  NORD, along with its more than 260 patient organization members,  is committed to the identification, treatment, and cure of rare disorders through programs of education, advocacy, research, and patient services.


 AAO : 

  medscape :